Gorizia-Nova GoricaCountries: Italy , Slovenia
Situated at the cross-roads between several different the Germanic, Slav and Italian cultures, the towns of Gorizia in Italy and Nova Gorica in Slovenia share a border, as well as a common history. Gorizia was a city within the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918, and was claimed in 1945 by Yugoslavia, which obtained the eastern part of the town and renamed it “Nova-Gorica”. Separated by national entities, the two towns have nevertheless enjoyed commercial relations, beginning well before 1991.
Cross-border cooperation, which intensified in the late 2000s, has thus enabled the realisation of joint projects, and has extended to the neighbouring municipalities, in particular Šempeter–Vrtojba. This cooperation took the form of a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) in 2011.