The MOT guides "The energy transition and cross-border cooperation", January 2019

Energy

Legal framework

DIRECTIVE 2009/28/EC ON THE PROMOTION OF THE USE OF ENERGY FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES

The EU has provided itself with a single text: the directive known as the "Renewable Energy Directive".
It has amended and repealed Directives
2001/77/EC "renewable electricity" and 2003/30/EC "biofuels". This directive is part of the climate/energy package and the objectives of the '20-20-20' Strategy.

In 2020, the EU should have:
- “Reduced its consumption of primary energy by 20%.
- Reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 20%.
- Increased the usage of renewable energy by 20%”.

It sets mandatory targets per member state. The directive also lays down the rules concerning inter-state cooperation; the member states must set up necessary infrastructure for renewable energy production, that ensure the transmission and distribution of renewable energy.

The Renewable Energy Directive provides for the following mechanisms:
- "Statistical transfers" that allow a state with a surplus of energy produced from renewable sources to sell it statistically to another state;
- The "common projects ", which allow member states to finance projects located in other member states or in non-member countries, while sharing statistics related to production;
- Joint support schemes, which arise when at least two member states decide to harmonise their national support schemes.

Photo copyright: European Union, 2013